Use cases ·

Graphite solutions for metal forging

Graphite lubricants are essential for metal forging. Among others, they increase the quality and safety of the forging process.

Graphite solutions for metal forging

Metal forging is currently used in different industries such as metallurgy, either to manufacture other materials and/or to mold existing ones. Due to the high temperatures with which the material is worked and the compression, the desired shape is obtained.

Therefore, it is a widely used resource to be able to work efficiently metal and today we will understand all the benefits it has, as well as the metal forging process

What is metal forging?

The metal forging, is a process to mill in a specific way in different alloys; through large machineries that allow you to get the most out of the material, resulting in a significant reduction of waste.

To proceed to deform the materials, there are multiple ways in which it can be done. For example:

  1. Free forging: is the oldest method of forging metal industrially and is used to mold large single pieces. Also, it is used in open forging, which is placing the metal between two plates called dies to give them a specific shape. This method is used to create propellers.
  2. In stamping: mechanical fabrication is used to do the work efficiently; since, they heat the material in furnaces at high temperatures, and use hammers that impact the piece of metal to give it the shape.
  3. Isothermal: this technique takes time and for this reason it is considered a slow process; however, it allows to obtain pieces that do not have residues and are homogeneous.
  4. Recalcating: this process is widely used to form nail heads or different products that are used in hardware stores, so it is the method with which most commonly used parts are created.

It is also important to understand what metal forging is used for: Basically to be able to manufacture metal parts, with specific shapes and properties. To achieve this, it is required to use graphite in any of its presentations as lubricants, oils, grease, etc. to perform the molding of the metal without problems.

Graphite in metal forging

Graphite has numerous properties and uses, which we will explain how they are applied within metal forging:

  • Hot metal forging: graphite is used because it is a natural lubricant, which allows us to guarantee the quality of the process, the finish and above all productivity. Natural or synthetic graphite, such as aqueous graphite, is used.
  • Within automation: graphite allows the production of more parts per hour, without the need to constantly apply lubricants.
  • For temperature: graphite is an excellent conductor and allows metal to be worked and shaped efficiently and quickly.
  • In stamp forging: graphite is used to grease the tools, making them wear easily.
  • The isothermal process: is used for low waste to optimize both material and time.

In addition to these benefits, it also allows easy application of the material; has excellent adhesion to materials; improves finishes on all parts; is zero toxic; does not produce fumes that are toxic to employees and is not easy to degrade, as its particles can be small.


To conclude, it is essential to understand how graphite is a key part of metal forging and to know what type of transformation is required to create the part you imagine. And the best thing is that the process is done easily, effectively and without wasting anything, all thanks to graphite.

As we can see, basically the forging of metals requires the properties and solutions that graphite provides to each industry.

ESGRAF is a company that guarantees you the highest quality graphite according to your needs; we are manufacturers of graphite lubricants and suspensions for various applications, including metal forging.